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General Information about Andaman Islands

Since pre-historic times, these islands have been the home of aboriginal tribes. But the first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, the year after the First War of Indian Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen



Bay of Bengal

Longitude 920 to 940 East
Latitude 60 to 140 North

Altitude (Highest Point)

Andaman Islands (North)  
Saddle Peak 732 Meters
Andaman Islands (South)  
Mount Harriet 365 Meters


Total Area 8249 Sq.km
South Andaman & Middle Andaman and North Andaman 6408 Sq.km
Nicobar District 1841 Sq.km
URBAN AREA 16.64 Sq.km
RURAL AREA 8232.36 Sq.km


Distance by Sea (In Kms.)  
Between Port Blair & Chennai 1190 Kms.
Between Port Blair & Calcutta 1255 Kms.
Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam 1200 Kms.
Distance by Air Kms.  
Between Calcutta & Port Blair 1303 Kms.
Between Chennai & Port Blair 1330 Kms.

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